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The Queen turned 95 today and has remained at Windsor Castle during a period of Royal Mourning for her late husband Prince Philip.
Her Majesty was officially born on April 21 1926 in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, later known as King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
And Queen Elizabeth II also has her official birthday on the second Saturday in June. But why? Let’s take a look…
The tradition of the monarch having two birthdays was started by King George II in 1748.
King George II was born in November 1683 which is not known to have weather suitable for celebrations.
Therefore, the monarch decided to combine it with an annual military parade, Trooping the Colour, in the summer.
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How does the Queen celebrate her actual birthday?
The Queen usually spends her actual birthday surrounded by family.
The Royal Family shared a picture of Her Majesty today and confirmed she would be spending her birthday at Windsor Castle during a period of Royal Mourning after the Duke of Edinburgh passed away aged 99 on April 9.
A 41-gun salute is usually held in Hyde Park, along with salutes at Windsor Great Park and the Tower of London.
However, coronavirus restrictions mean the salutes have been cancelled for a second time this year.
How does Her Majesty celebrate her official birthday?
The Trooping the Colour parade is an annual military parade held on the second Saturday in June to mark the Queen’s official birthday.
The parade has been cancelled this year due to Covid-19 restrictions however last year a modified version took place at Windsor Castle.
In 1955 the parade was also cancelled because of a national rail strike.
It has marked the official birthday of the British Sovereign for more than 260 years and involves over 1,400 parading soldiers along with hundreds of horses and musicians.
Streets are lined with crowds and the display closes with an RAF fly-past watched by members of the Royal Family from the balcony of Buckingham Palace.
The parade is named as such because “colour” relates to the name given to the flags which represent different regiments in the army.
The army used the different coloured flags so soldiers could easily identify their unit on the battlefield.
Meanwhile “trooping” relates to soldiers marching in front of their troops and waving their flags also known as “colours”.
The parade sees a different regiment’s colours trooped every year.