It was first banned in 2015, after the group abrogated the ceasefire agreement with the Centre and carried out an ambush on the Indian Army in Manipur, resulting in the deaths of 18 soldiers.
“The Central government is of the opinion that the NSCN (K) is continuously aiming to create a sovereign Nagaland incorporating the Naga inhabited areas of Indo-Myanmar region by secession from the Indian Union; engaging in unlawful and violent activities, thereby undermining the authority of the Government of India and the governments of Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and spreading terror and panic among the people,” the MHA notification said.
MHA noted that the outfit was aligning itself with other unlawful associations like the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and Meitei organisations of Manipur. The NSCN-K was formed by SS Khaplang, who passed away in 2017 at Myanmar after a prolonged illness. Several members of the outfit had surrendered and joined peace talks with the government. The group still has a sizable presence, and indulges in kidnapping for ransom and extortion of money from businessmen, government officials and other civilians and is recruiting cadres “to continue its terrorist activities”, as per the MHA.
NSCN-K is establishing camps and hideouts across the international borders and obtaining assistance from anti-India forces in other countries to procure arms and other assistance, the MHA said. “The Central government is also of the opinion that if there is no immediate curb and control of unlawful activities of the NSCN (K), the organisation may make fresh recruitments, indulge in violent, terrorist and secessionist activities, collect funds and endanger the lives of innocent citizens and security forces personnel; and therefore, circumstances do exist which render it necessary to declare the NSCN(K) as an unlawful association with immediate effect,” the notification said.